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Date(aprox) Length Weight Origin Wt/Lgth Source
(lb/oz) (lb/ft)

9th-10th c. 30 1/8" 2/8 Scand? 1.0 Wallace
1150-1200 32 3/8" 2/10 German .97 Wallace
13th c. 33 3/8" 1/8 .53 Wallace
1340 33 3/4" 2/9 French? .98 Wallace
1375-1400 30" 3/0 French 1.2 Wallace
14th c. 29 3/8" 2/1 .84 Wallace
1350-1400 29 3/16" 3/3 French 1.31 Wallace
1375-1400 23 5/8" * 2/8 1.27 Wallace
1380 31 1/8" 2/1 .8 Wallace
1400 34 3/8" 2/12 .96 Wallace
1460 34 3/4" 2/15 Italian? 1.01 Wallace
early 16th c. 36 1/8" 3/2 German 1.04 Wallace
9th-10th c. 75.5 cm. .5 Kg. Nordic .44 Wagner
9th-11th c? 89.5 cm. 1.42 Kg. 1.06 Wagner
11th-13th c. 92 cm. 1 Kg. Prague? .73 Wagner
Before 1432 41" 1/11 Italian? .49 Tower
about 1480 43.2" 2/12 German? .76 Tower (Hand and a half?)
about 1500 35.4" 1/15 Swiss .66 Tower
or Swabian

* Aproximately 5" of tip missing

c. means century.

Table Two: Shields and Bucklers

Date(aprox)  Size       Weight          Origin          Wt/Area
(lb/oz) (lb/sq ft)

Leather Targets for Parade

1560 22 1/2 " 5/2.5 Italian 1.9
1560 22 11/16" 5/8 Italian 2.0
1560 22 3/16" 5/14 Italian 2.2

Wooden Pageant Shields

1580 22 5/8" 4/6 Italian 1.6
1590 18 27/32" 3/10.5 Italian 1.9

Wooden Bucklers

1600 17 1/2" 3/7 German 2.1
1600 20 3/4" 3/3 Italian? 1.4

Steel Bucklers

16th c. 15 1/2" 4/9 Italian 3.5
1600 21 1/4" 7/3.5 Italian 2.9

Steel "Shield or Bucklers"

1560 23 3/8" 9/4 Span/Ger 3.1
1560 22 1/4" 7/14 Italian 2.9
1580 22 1/4" 12/4 Italian 4.5

Steel "Pageant Shields or Bucklers"

16th c. 21 3/8" 7/1 Flem/Fr 2.8
16th c. 24 7/16" 9/.5 Flem/Fr 2.8
1570 24 7/8" 6/9.5 Ger/Fl 2.0
1590 22 7/32" 8/12.5 German 3.3
1560 23 1/8" 9/0 Italian 3.1
1560 23" 8/1 Italian 2.8
1570 21 3/4" 7/4.5 Italian 2.8
1570 22 1/2" 7/1.5 Italian 2.6
1570 22 1/4" 9/3.5 Italian 3.4
1580-1600 23" 7/4 Italian 2.5
Post 1556 22 3/4" 10/4.5 Italian 3.9
1580 19 1/2" 7/1 Italian 3.4
1590 22 3/16" 7/7.5 Italian 2.8
1590 23 1/2" 8/2 Italian 2.7
1620 23 3/8" 10/14 Ger/Fl 3.6

Average of Historical Shields is 2.75 lb/sq ft, which corresponds to
a 24" round weighing 8lb 10 oz.

A.S. XVI     24"        10/0            Caid Minimum    3.2
A.S. XVI 24" 8/0 Illegal 2.5
A.S. XVI 24" 6/0 Illegal 1.9

Note: Some of the shields were slightly oval; the average radius is
shown. The last three shields are given for purposes of comparison.

Table Three: Maces

   Date(aprox)  Length          Weight          Origin
(lb/oz)

1470 15.5"* 2/12 South German
1560 17 1/16"** 3/11 Milanese
1560 22 1/16" 2/14.5 North Italian
1540 25 3/4" 3/5 Italian
1540 25" 3/3.75 Italian
1550 23 4/5" 2/12.75 Italian(?)
1550 25" 3/6 German
1580 17 3/4"** 4/1.5 Milanese
1560 18 15/16"** 3/6.5 Milanese

*From the guard

**Haft

Table Four: Rapiers

Date (aprox)    Length          Weight  Origin          Wt/Lgth
(lb/oz) (lb/ft)

1590 46 5/8" 3/4.5 Italian(?) 0.845
1600 41 1/2" 2/13 German 0.813
1585 43 5/8" 2/5.5 Italian (Milan) 0.645
1600 39.5" 2/4.5 German 0.693
1590 42 3/8" 3/5.5 North Italian 0.947
1590 43 3/8" 3/2 Italian 0.865
1570-1600 47 7/8" 3/6.5 Italian 0.854
1600 42 13/16" 3/5 Italain 0.928
1600 44 7/8" 3/1 Italian 0.819
1590 41 1/4" 2/13 Italian 0.818
1580-1600 41 1/4" 2/13.5 Spanish (Toledo) 0.827
1600 40 1/4" 2/9.5 Italian (Brescia) 0.773
1600 45 7/8" 2/9.5 Italian(?) 0.678
1600 41 3/4" 2/7 Italian (Milan) 0.701
1550-1600 44 3/8" 3/2 Italian (Milan) 0.845
1600 44 5/8" 2/15.5 Italian (Milan) 0.798
1600 41 3/16" 3/9.5 German 1.05

Average Wt/Lgth: 0.82

Table Five: Two-Handed Swords

Date (aprox)    Length                  Weight  Origin          Wt/Lgth
Blade Grip Over all (lb/oz) (lb/ft)

Mid 16th c 50 1/4" 23 3/4" 74" 8/6 German 1.36
1580 58 3/4" 19 5/8" 78 3/8" 14/3 German 2.
1580 50 1/8" 13 1/2" 63 5/8" 7/4 German 1.37
1500-10 44 5/8" 14 3/4" 59 3/8" 5/6.5 Italian 1.09
1530 48" 16 1/2" 64 1/2" 6/10 Italian 1.23
16th c. 53 1/4" 16" 69 1/4" 5/14 Spanish or German 1.02
early 16th c. 46 1/8" 17 5/8" 63 3/4" 6/6 German 1.2

Table Six: Halberds etc.

Date (aprox)    Length    Weight Origin Type       Source
(lb/oz)
late 14th-
early 15th c. 14 3/4"* 4/8 Swiss Hallberd Wallace
1500 16 1/4"* 4/7 German Hallberd Wallace
1593 23 1/2"* 6/10 German Hallberd Wallace
1580-1620** 31 5/8"* 7/4.5 Saxon Hallberd Wallace
1600-1620 21 1/8"* 5/5 Saxon Hallberd Wallace
about 1500 70" 6/7 European Pollaxe Tower
about 1500 97" 9/1 European Glaive Tower Modern Haft
1500-1550 93.5" 7/11 European Pollaxe Tower Iron butt spike
early 16th c. 83.12" 4/12 Italian Partizan Tower Modern Haft
early 16th c. 100.75" 4/0 Italian? Partizan Tower Modern Haft
early 16th c. 91.5" 5/14 Italian Halberd Tower Haft not original
16th c. 80.5" 5/1 English Bill Tower Modern Haft
early 16th c. 85.5" 9/15 Italian Bill Tower Modern Haft
about 1600 80.37" 4/7 Italian? Partizan Tower


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